Bee Varieties Range
From 2009 to help you 2018, 192 bee varieties (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was in fact caught during the Calanques National Park through one another net and you can pan trap collections. They belonged so you’re able to half dozen household and 38 genera. Megachilidae are the essential types-steeped family members, followed by Apidae and you will Halictidae, that have 53, forty-two, and you may 43 varieties, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 are the new wealthiest genus, having 33 kinds, whereas 7 genera was indeed depicted because of the one species (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table 1 [on the internet just] ). Utilising the jackknife 1 and you may 2 indexes, the entire bee variety richness is estimated is anywhere between ± 9.89 and you may ± . The newest observed richness https://datingranking.net/livelinks-review/ ergo portrayed 71.3 in order to 79.6% of one’s estimated bee fullness ( Table dos). The Chao1 method projected the fresh new observed richness are 76.8% of one’s potential limit richness ( Desk dos). More abundant varieties was Apis mellifera L. (276 some body), with Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you will 168 some one, respectively), and you may Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 someone). Eventually, 50 variety (26%) have been represented from the only 1 personal (singletons).
Ecological Qualities off Bees
Regarding your environment traits off nesting preferences, i identified 59 solitary bee varieties nesting more than surface, ninety-five unmarried bee variety nesting below ground and you will 23 cleptoparasitic varieties, corresponding to 31.eight, 47.nine, and you will a dozen.0% of your full bee kinds fullness, correspondingly. We observed four societal species (bumble bees and you may honey bees-2.1%). Eventually, the fresh nesting choices regarding 14 variety are still unfamiliar (eight.3%- Supp Dining table step 1 [on the web simply] ). Concerning your floral diet from bee variety, we found that 105 varieties (54.7%) foraged into the numerous bush varieties (we.elizabeth., generalist species, polylectic) and you may 51 varieties (26.5%) foraged using one plant family members or that/couple bush kinds (i.elizabeth., specialist varieties, oligolectic). Into the remaining thirty-six bee species (18.8%), brand new floral diet plan was not recognized (elizabeth.grams., to own cleptoparasitic species). Although not, very generalist varieties demonstrated a choice for 1 otherwise a few bush household ( Supp Desk step one [on the internet merely] ). To the forty-two singletons, 14 bee types (28%) was basically specialists, and you can nine bee types (18%) had been cleptoparasitic ( Supp Desk step one [on the internet merely] ).
An enthusiastic IUCN status is actually available for 178 types (excluding the latest variety buildings and you will unidentified kinds). Some of those, 47 kinds were classified as analysis deficient (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 varieties was in fact least alarmed (LC-69.6%), half dozen varieties was indeed near endangered (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another species is actually experienced threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Dining table step one [on line merely] ). Three oligolectic species were among eight threatened bee variety. A. ovatula and you will C. albomaculatus is professionals to the Fabaceae, D. argentata is actually an expert towards the Caprifoliaceae.
Off 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 38 species of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was stuck inside the Calanques National Park. They belonged to twenty four genera ( Supp Desk dos [on the web just] ). More abundant genera was basically Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 some body), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen somebody), and you may Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville inside the Latreille, 1828 (thirteen anyone), while 20 types (53%) was basically illustrated of the one individual ( Supp Desk 2 [online simply] ). The new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was basically depicted of the 20 variety, plus four singletons (25%) ( Supp Desk step three [on line just] ). The fresh quote out of overall types richness off hover flies and you can bee flies are anywhere between 83 and you will 97 variety making use of the jackknife step 1 and you may 2 indexes, correspondingly. For that reason, new observed fullness illustrated 59.8–69.9% of your estimated hover travel and you may bee fly fullness ( Dining table 2).